Trade names: Silver Fir, Fir
Origin: Central and Southern Europe
Range: Mostly in the European low mountain ranges. The wood prefers deep and very rich soils. It is difficult to tell Fir wood from that oft the Spruce but unlike Spruce Fir produces no pitch pockets.
Uses: Construction lumber, special wood for musical instruments (sound boards), often used together with spruce in furniture production. The machining of the wood is easy and clean with all types of tools. Relatively smooth surfaces can be achieved in comparison with spruce. Moreover, machine parts are not contaminated by resin.
Character: It is yellowish-white to reddish-white in color with a grey tinge. The heartwood and sapwood do not differ in color. The annual ring boundaries are clearly marked and stand out in color. Fir wood stands are much endangered by industrial air pollution, needle and bark louse, animal browsing and clear cutting. Just the tree trunk reach a height of up to 20 meters. The total height of the tree can be up to 50 meters. The diameter is 0.4 to 1.2 meters.
Particularities: The resin-free tree is not just famous as Christmas tree with its soft and delicate needles. The light and plain wood has numerous uses. The veneer of the wood spreads with its yellowish-white color, sometimes with a slightly bluish shimmer, a friendly and light-transmitted flai